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Copper Production

Cyprus History and Archeology

Copper Production in Cyprus

Neolithic Sites Ancient Sites
Byzantine Sites Copper Production

Copper has been used by human beings for at least 7,000 years.

Copper is relatively common around the Mediterranean and was to be found in nuggets and masses on the surface of the earth, adjacent to streams, in the walls of canyons. Exposure to weather changes copper's reddish colour to blue-green.

Cyprus  was a major source of copper for the ancient world.

Cyprus had, in relation to its size, the richest copper deposits in the ancient world, making it the major supplier of metal in the Mediterranean. From the prehistoric period until the Christian era, the island produced an estimated 200,000 tons of copper. The modern name for the metal came from Cuprum, the Roman name of the island.

Cyprus - Island of Copper. Cypriots first worked copper in the fourth millennium B.C., fashioning tools from native deposits of pure copper, which at that time could still be found in places on the surface of the earth.


In the period 1938 - 1950 Kalavassos was one of the largest mining communities in Cyprus and many people went to work and some even settled there. Remnants of the era are the little train with its carriages used to transport copper to the 'Vassiliko' where it was crushed and refined before shipment.


More will be added later!


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